Apart from saving a patient from drug abuse, the goal of drug addiction treatment is to enhance a patient’s status socially, economically and ethically. Research has proven that people who opt for treatment for an extended period of time have a higher chance of returning to normality. It has been established that treatment is as effective as a treatment for any other chronic disease such as asthma, high blood pressure, or diabetes. However, it is important to point out that the outcome for individual treatments can vary conditionally to various factors. The complexity of the patient’s addiction, the ability of the drug addiction treatment to address the problem, and a patient’s willingness in the process can influence the effectiveness of the treatment.
The Other Side
There are many treatments which promise to bring about a change in your life but if you have been unsuccessful to attain permanent sobriety after rehab, perhaps after wasting thousands of dollars, you are not alone and it’s probably not your fault. Among millions of drug addicts, only 1 in 10 is able to attain drug addiction treatment and, due to the poor execution of drug prevention methods, might fall into relapse.
The reason for relapse can be found in the use of outdated prevention methods, rather than focusing on the methods developed by careful scientific research and proven stats. A report published by the National Centre on Addiction and Substance Abuse in Colombia University, some treatment providers are ill-equipped and non-professionals who do not have the expertise to offer a full range of evidence-based services, including treatment and psychotherapy. It has been unfortunate to see the under-use of many scientifically proven therapies,which could evidently change the lives of many people who opt for the rehab.
Types of Drug Addiction Treatment
There are different treatment programs for every case which can be customized based on the specific needs of an individual. In order for treatment to be effective, it must actively involve the participants as they must be on the same page. An inpatient rehab is a structured program that cares for a patient during their addiction and recovery process in a systematic environment. An outpatient rehab offers the same services as that of inpatient but allows the patient to go home for recovery. They are allowed to lead a normal life while attending weekly scheduled sessions.
Let’s now look at some of the common drug addiction treatment methods and their effectiveness.
Methadone is a synthetic opioid that is used for treating addiction to heroin, pain medications, and other opioids. It works by blocking the euphoric properties of the drug and reducing the cravings and withdrawal symptoms. It usually comes in the form of a pill but can also be administered in liquid form. An opioid treatment plan that is registered with the Drug Enforcement Administration must be used as guidance to administer the drug only at a hospital or a rehab facility.
Methadone drug addiction treatment has been rated as a ‘gold standard’ for treating opioid addictions. It has been reported as a safe treatment plan if used as prescribed, however, can show addictive properties if abused. The treatment should be a part of a comprehensive treatment plan along with psychological assistance for maximum effectiveness. Compared to other similar treatments such as placebo, patients treated with methadone are four times more likely to continue the treatment and were able to produce 33% lower opioid positive drug tests.
Naltrexone is a recommended treatment for heroin and morphine addicts who also suffer from alcohol abuse. It works by blocking opioid receivers thus reducing the drug craving. This is a milder drug addiction treatment compared to methadone or buprenorphine and has no addictive properties. It can be administered by any prescriptive license holder.
It has been noticed that Naltrexone has been successful in reducing the chance of a relapse in a patient, however, there has not been enough research on the long-term effects of this treatment. Patients who have been treated by Naltrexone can face potential life threatening situations if reintroduced to opium or its alternatives. In case you are using any other opium treatment drug, you must wait 7-10 days before starting with Naltrexone treatment.
This treatment focuses on changing the addictive behaviors of the user by changing their perceptions about their own lives and everything that surrounds them. By reinforcing relationships and healthy hobbies, patients are offered rewards which boosts their self-esteem. It is critical for these patients to develop enough self-confidence so that they are able to analyze their life choices critically. Through cognitive behavior therapy, their quality of life is enhanced and they are able to cope with the stressful situations in their life.
The effectiveness of a behavioral drug addiction treatment can be measured by the skill set that is acquired by the patient to deal with critical situations in their life. For maximum effectiveness, behavioral treatment is recommended along with administrative treatment in a controlled and monitored environment.
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