Profit & Costs Factors

Cost Of Goods Sold - Complete Controller

Businesses vary significantly in terms of the goods and services they provide consumers. How they produce and deliver those goods and services, but every business has the basic goal of making a profit. Notably, the cost of goods sold is the sum of different costs incurred in the product and selling processes of an organization’s products. Bookkeeping principles have been defined for recording and summarizing the gross profits and cost of goods sold.ADP. Payroll – HR – Benefits

Factors Affecting Gross Profit

The cost of goods (COGS) sold is one of the key elements influencing an organization’s gross profit. The cost of goods sold for a particular service or product refers to the direct costs associated with its production, including labor necessary to produce the product and materials for the product. Hence, increasing the cost of goods sold can decrease the gross profit. Since the gross profit comes after reducing variable costs from the total revenue, increases in the variable costs can decrease the margin for gross profit. Hence, the greater the cost, the lesser the gross profit.

Also, the cost of goods sold does not include indirect costs that cannot be attributed to producing a specific product, like advertising and shipping costs. Similarly, it means that the higher the COGS, the lower the gross profit margin. If the COGS exceeds total sales, a company will have a negative gross profit, meaning it loses money over time and has a negative gross profit margin.Download A Free Financial Toolkit

Calculating the gross profit margin requires calculating gross profit. According to the IRS, gross profit equals total receipts or sales minus the value of returned goods and the cost of goods sold. Gross margin equals gross profit divided by total sales and is often expressed as a percentage. For example, if a company has a gross profit of $500,000 and $1,000,000 in total sales, its gross profit margin is 1/2 of 50%. It means that every sales dollar the company takes in earns 50 cents of profit.

Total sales or gross receipts are the other critical components of the gross profit margin. When sales exceed costs by a large amount, the gross profit margin will tend to be high, while low sales will result in a low gross profit margin or negative profit. Any factors that can increase sales, such as lower tax rates, higher consumer confidence, and effective marketing campaigns, can also result in a higher gross profit margin.

Factors Affecting the Cost of Goods Sold

Different factors contribute to the change in the cost of goods sold. It includes the prices of raw materials, maintenance, transportation, and the regularity of sales or business operations. Meanwhile, inventory as valued plays a considerable role in calculating the cost of an organization’s goods. The two most common methodologies for inventory valuation include Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) and First-In-First-Out (FIFO). FIFO carries the assumption that the goods produced first are sold first. It means that the first item’s production expenses are considered when a firm sells its goods.CorpNet. Start A New Business Now

On the other hand, LIFO assumes that the latest produced goods are the goods that are sold first, whereas the expense involved in the manufacturing of the last item is recognized. Consequently, later objects are more expensive because they require the materials and labor costs under the existing prices. Thus, LIFO tends to increase the cost of goods sold, which leads to decreased income for reporting and tax purposes. Hence, it can be said that the cost of goods is affected by the method through which they are recorded and the changes in the prices of materials and labor costs involved in production and sales.

In addition to the above, a company can have a lower gross profit than another similar company but still have a higher profit margin. For example, a small company might only have sales of $50,000, but if its cost of goods sold is $25,000, it has a gross profit margin of 50% and a $25,000 gross profit. A large company might have $1,000,000 in sales and $900,000 in costs, which amounts to a gross profit margin of 10% and $100,000 of gross profit.

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