The process of sustainable land management is the organizing activity of competent executive authorities to ensure the rational use and protection of land by all subjects of land relations.
Sustainable Land Management
Land management is divided into two parts, general and departmental (sectoral), which have a common purpose, functions, and method of impact. General management of land resources is carried out by bodies of general and special competence and has a territorial character, i.e. it applies to lands (irrespective of their category and rights to a particular land plot) within the territory of government or municipal entities.
General management is exercised by bodies of general competence: the government, executive authorities of the subjects, executive bodies of local self-government, as well as bodies of special competence, in particular, the Federal Service for Supervision of Nature Management, and others.
Departmental (sectoral) management of land resources is carried out by state committees, federal agencies, and federal services as well as the cases that are established by decisions of the President or resolutions of the government.
Land Management Functions
The main focus of land resources management is management functions, which are separate, main types of activity of executive bodies for ensuring rational use and protection of land. Provisions of the land legislation allow allocating such functions of management of land resources, as:
- Maintenance of the state land
- Implementation of land management
- Land use planning
- Control over compliance with land legislation, protection and use of land (land control)
- Monitoring of land
Land management functions are the main directions of management activities in the sphere of protection and use of the land fund. Functions of land resources management state determine and specifies in the relevant legal norms. In the functions of land management, it is important to monitor and keep all of the data safe. For the purpose of monitoring, the process of bookkeeping can also be used as it is very effective for keeping all of the financial and accounting records.
Further, more detailed consideration of land management functions, it is advisable to distinguish between them, highlighting the most common and significant ones. These include:
- The provision of land to individuals and legal entities for economic and other uses
- Planning the rational use and protection of land resources
- Organization and implementation of land management as well as land monitoring
- State control over the use and protection of land
- Economic activities related to land use
- Participation in the resolution of land disputes
- Protection of land ownership and land using rights
- Legal support for the rational use and protection of land
The economic benefits of sustainable land management are said to be the procedure of the sustainable land management strategy which provides economic benefit to the country and should be based on economic regulators. The issue of rationalization of land usage can only be solved by determining the land payment and it’s importance.
Recently, various public figures have progressively played a vital role in sustainable land management issues by drawing the attention of decision and policy makers to the importance of topics such as sustainable land management and its relevant national policy agendas.
The activities of sustainable land management relating to biodiversity and adaption loss are important for surviving in sub- humid and dry lands. With the collaboration of the United Nations Framework conventions on climatic change and convention on biological diversity, this is an important activity.
In the upcoming years, the government will focus its efforts on the identification of sustainable land management investment opportunities in order to promote responsible public and private investments in areas affected by land degradation. Referring to the number of requests, the priority areas for development of sustainable land management are desertification and land degradation, climate change, and agriculture and food security.
The government has also engaged more intensively with developing methodologies and their application of several studies at the national level to increase the understanding of the economic benefits of investing in sustainable land management.
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