# Calculate Cost of Goods Sold

As a business owner, understanding the cost of goods sold is crucial. By figuring out the value of inventory sold and items remaining, you’ll have the information necessary for tax returns and reducing your business income. With a positive outlook, you can increase the cost of goods sold within legal limits to save money on taxes. This process is universal for all businesses and is a great way to optimize your finances. I’m excited to share this knowledge with you because it can make a huge difference in your bottom line. Let’s work together to make sure you’re getting the most out of your business.

## How to Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold

• Gather the information needed for this calculation. You will need to know the valuation method, beginning and ending inventory, and the cost of labor and purchases.
• It would help if you were doing the calculation, starting with the beginning inventory, adding in the cost of materials, labor, and other expenses during the end, and finally calculating the ending inventory.

Calculating the cost of goods sold accurately is vital for businesses, as it determines the tax deductions they can claim. By including this value, businesses can avoid inflated income and higher taxes. This is why tax returns rely heavily on the precise determination of product costs. Rest assured, with careful consideration and attention to detail, businesses can confidently claim the deductions they deserve. Let’s work together to ensure your business thrives!

## Consider the Following Information

• Valuation Method: Designate whether inventory is valued equally to the cost of the market, lower than the cost of the market, or other. If you use the cash accounting method, ensure you value inventory at cost. Ensure that your tax preparer is constantly checked, especially if you have changed your method of determining quantities, values, or expenses. It would help if you included any changes to make the tax preparer and your employees aware.
• Beginning Inventory: This is the total cost of all products in your inventory at the beginning of any year. Most of the time, this should be the same as the inventory at the end of the year. If it is not the same, you must explain.
• Cost of Purchasing: You should be able to get a total of all the products you purchased during the year and those you placed in the inventory to sell. You should subtract any products that you took out for your personal use. If you are a manufacturer, you must include the total cost of all the raw materials and parts you purchased during that year. It does not matter if they were assembled or not.
• Cost of Labor: This is the cost of your business employees who directly make products from raw materials and parts. It does not include expenses for administrators or employees in sales, marketing, finance, or other business areas.
• Costs of Materials and Supplies: These costs should directly concern making the product.
• Other Costs: These include your shipping costs, freight-in on materials and supplies, and the overhead expenses for rent, heat, light, etc., for the area where the products are being manufactured, produced, or assembled.
• Ending Inventory: Calculate and determine the total value of all inventory items at the end of the year.

You need everything to calculate the cost of goods sold using a tax software program or to give to the tax preparer you have employed. Always ensure you can provide records verifying the costs of goods sold.

## Summary of How to Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold

• Add up beginning inventory, purchases, and all the other costs.
• Getting costs of the goods sold.
• Subtract the inventory at the end of the year.

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