6 Basic Accounting Principles

6 Basic Accounting Principles- Complete Controller

One needs to remember certain principles when diving into the accounting world. Utilize these principles to promote profit maximization while finding methods to minimize the losses as much as possible.

An accountant or bookkeeper who keeps this principle in mind would always be content with their choices since they adhere to universally accepted principles.Cubicle to Cloud virtual business

These are the accounting principles that would completely redefine your accounting game.

The Full Disclosure Principle

The first principle revolves around the ethics that make accounting a success.

This principle states that the data recorded during bookkeeping should be precise and accurate.

Often, bookkeepers fraudulently forge data, which compromises the ethics that go into the task and may also lead to a loss for the client.

The entire disclosure principle exists for this reason and insists on creating an environment that keeps the client in the loop. The bookkeeper or accountant states all data to ensure the client knows the company’s performance.

The Matching Principle

The matching principle focuses on forming a link between a company’s revenue and the costs it incurs. Through this, no expense is unaccounted for, and everyone knows the direction of finances and how the company produces revenues.

For example, if an individual has a pizzeria. They sell pizza, which generates revenue for their business. The selling price of this pizza must reflect the costs incurred to produce the pizza when the owner bought dough, pizza sauce, olives, and cheese. Keeping accurate records allows business owners to identify profits or losses associated with different business activities.Complete Controller. America’s Bookkeeping Experts

The Cost Principle

This principle is the third and one of the more essential accounting principles.

The cost principle states that when recording the values of each cost, the original price shall be highlighted rather than the current rate.

This method of accounting is significant when real estate is involved—showing the cost of real estate with the initial purchase price rather than the property’s current value.

The value of commodities increases over time, but the accounting books need to be according to the direct costs that the owner of this business had to pay.

The Objectivity Principle

As the name suggests, the objectivity principle focuses on objectivity while bookkeeping.

It states that all the data in the accounting books are accurate and factual because only verifiable data can yield results and identify trends accurately.

The data used in the books must never be subjective and always indicate the facts revolving around the company’s performance.CorpNet. Start A New Business Now

The Expense Recognition Principle

The expense recognition principles state the exact time when an expense occurs.

At this point, expense and cost become two separate things. The price of an item is when a company receives a good or service. That is the exact moment when an expense is recognized.

On the other hand, a company records costs when it pays for the good or service—tracking expenses when paying the invoice for the goods or services, not when they are physically received.

For example, if a company receives cheese for its pizzeria, its inventory has increased, but the company records the costs when it pays for that cheese.

The Revenue Principle

The revenue principle states that companies must record revenue only when there is a sale for the business.

Whether the business provides a service or sells goods, it generates revenue when a sale occurs. That is when it should be linked to the matching principle and noted in the accounting books to keep a clear record.

Like the expense recognition principle, the revenue principle is often known as the revenue recognition principle as it identifies the moment a company generates revenue.


In conclusion, navigating the intricate accounting landscape requires a steadfast commitment to fundamental principles that lay the groundwork for financial transparency and success. These principles collectively redefine the accounting game, providing a robust framework for accountants and bookkeepers to maximize profits while minimizing losses.

Embracing these principles fosters contentment with choices and ensures adherence to universally accepted standards, laying the foundation for sound financial management and sustainable business practices.

Download A Free Financial ToolkitAbout Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual bookkeeping, providing service to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud platform where their QuickBooks™️ file, critical financial documents, and back-office tools are hosted in an efficient SSO environment. Complete Controller’s team of certified US-based accounting professionals provide bookkeeping, record storage, performance reporting, and controller services including training, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, process and controls advisement, and bill-pay. With flat-rate service plans, Complete Controller is the most cost-effective expert accounting solution for business, family-office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.ADP. Payroll – HR – Benefits