Small Biz Accounting Basics

Small Biz Accounting Basics- Complete Controller

As an entrepreneur, you will be involved in numerous financial operations, including the business’s internal and external cash flow. Small business entrepreneurs significantly contribute to a nation’s economic growth and employment opportunities.

Many small business owners rely on their bookkeepers and accountants to manage financial statements. Although nothing can replace a professional financial advisor’s suggestions, basic accounting knowledge is always handy. It allows you to make moral decisions for your business confidently.

Essential accounting skills, from software management to revenue tracking, lay the foundation for business success. If multiple partners are involved, the most skillful might manage the accounts.

However, observations indicate a lack of accounting literacy among entrepreneurs. With an appropriate accounting primer, business owners can achieve a sound financial understanding that might help them manage current monetary operations and future growth. Here is a list of the basics of an accounting primer for small businesses.Download A Free Financial Toolkit

GAAP Vs. The Tax Basis for Small Businesses

Many small businesses report financial performance utilizing Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), but the income tax basis format saves valuable time and money for some new business ventures.

However, both concepts are slightly different and are mainly influenced by government taxation laws. A newly established business venture might not have specialties beyond filing a tax return.

Cash System Vs. Accrual Accounting Primer

Entrepreneurs must implement one of the two available methods to record their income and expenses when filing tax returns. By following the cash recording system, a business will instantly receive revenue through the cash transactions and record the expenditures when they flow out.

The entry is made after the cash transaction is made. However, the accrual accounting concept asserts that economic events are identified by matching revenues to expenses when the cash transaction occurs rather than when the payment is received. The accrual method is not considered a standard accounting practice for small businesses.

Small businesses prefer the cash method as it’s easy to manage and significantly influences taxable income.

Direct Vs. Indirect Costs

Direct costs are expenditures related to the production process of a product or service, while indirect costs are sustained. Direct and indirect costs are the two essential types of costs or expenses that companies can incur. Sometimes, direct costs can be variable and fluctuate with the production level, such as inventory.ADP. Payroll – HR – Benefits

However, indirect costs are difficult to allocate to a specific product. Some examples of indirect expenses include depreciation and administrative expenditures.

Direct costs are pretty straightforward in calculating their cost objects. However, indirect costs work as fuel for a car. Although the fuel expense can be tied to the facility, it is considered indirect and can’t be directly associated with the specific unit.

Inventory Management

Reviewing your company’s resources and how you use them is essential, especially if you desire an advantageous position in the market. There are two methods of tracking your inventory, including FIFO and LIFO.

The FIFO method asserts that the oldest commodities in a company’s inventory should be sold out first and go by the production costs. At the same time, the LIFO method suggests that recent products in a company’s inventory should be sold first and those costs utilized instead.

Both methods contain merits and demerits, but you must choose the one that suits your business requirements. In some companies, the inventory costs can fluctuate dramatically, and utilizing the recording method can be challenging. The accounting primer for small businesses suggests seeking professional assistance in such explosive markets.Complete Controller. America’s Bookkeeping Experts

Depreciation Method

Depreciation systematically accounts for a decline in the value of a company’s assets over time. The remaining value needs to be recorded on the accounts as depreciation expense. Lawfully, every business must meet specific standards for recording depreciation expenses. However, small businesses can sustain it instantly to get tax relief.


In conclusion, as entrepreneurs navigate complex financial operations, their contributions to a nation’s economy and job market are pivotal. Small business owners often lean on financial experts, yet basic accounting knowledge empowers confident decision-making. Essential skills, including software management and revenue tracking, are foundational for success. However, a notable gap in accounting literacy exists among entrepreneurs. An adequate accounting primer can bridge this gap, fostering a robust understanding for managing current operations and future growth. Inventory tracking methods and depreciation considerations further enhance the entrepreneur’s financial toolkit. Seeking professional guidance in dynamic markets is advised, ensuring small businesses thrive in the ever-evolving landscape.

CorpNet. Start A New Business NowAbout Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual bookkeeping, providing service to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud platform where their QuickBooks™️ file, critical financial documents, and back-office tools are hosted in an efficient SSO environment. Complete Controller’s team of certified US-based accounting professionals provide bookkeeping, record storage, performance reporting, and controller services including training, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, process and controls advisement, and bill-pay. With flat-rate service plans, Complete Controller is the most cost-effective expert accounting solution for business, family-office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.Cubicle to Cloud virtual business