First In First Out and Last in First Out are the two most common inventory management concepts used in the modern world. These two models are different from each other, but both pictures are specifications of inventory management methodologies. Here we shall discuss what each means and what types of businesses can use these formats for their business operations and needs.
What is FIFO?
The FIFO inventory system uses the same strategy. First-in items are usually the first to come out of any storage. For example, you store milk according to its expiration dates in the fridge. The milk cartons that bear close expiry dates would be stored in the front so that those get sold first. This concept of inventory management aims to ensure that you move the oldest stock out first to guarantee cost-effectiveness and avoid wastage. The widespread use of this concept makes it ideal for many industries that use it along with other stock management models.
Pros of FIFO
With businesses worldwide feeling ramifications of digression, this type of stock management technique offers significant benefits with inventory costs fluctuations. The cost approximates the current market value of inventory available in the warehouse due to stock-taking procedures. The flow of costs agrees with the actual flow of physical products or goods. Due to its applicable ease and implementation, businesses do not choose which unit is to be delivered, as inventory management is automated. For urgent basis orders, it helps contain and arrest shipping issues.
Cons Of FIFO
Using caution when applying the FIFO method for all business endeavors is strongly recommended. The stock results and the image created about costs could not be genuine or authentic. Due to economic instability, the rates and prices are affected. FIFO is implemented while paying considerable attention to details as this method may exaggerate situations to depict profit-making patterns of growth. This appearance of “growth” is the disadvantage of FIFO inventory management as taxes are applied to this “profit,” which heavily burdens a business, thus, diminishing growth and stability. Also, it takes accountants months before they notice discrepancies in statements if care is not born with the rising and falling of rates and costs. With increased prices that show up in accounts months later, FIFO can be disadvantageous.
What is LIFO?
Last In First Out is commonly used where the previous items sent to stock are the first to come out. An example would be machinery manufacturing, where supplies already prepared and stored are shipped out first rather than newly manufactured fresh out of the rolling mill. It is widely used for non-perishable goods, and this concept of inventory management includes other benefits such as periodical Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) and an inventory appraisal.
Pros of LIFO
With substantial tax advantages, LIFO is excellent for companies in the manufacturing industry. It also helps tackle inflation predicaments as costs of goods may change heavily if prices of raw materials increase. It also offers a lower balance shown as leftover inventory. With lower tax liability due to a lower rate of income, this type of inventory management is effective in growth. LIFO is ideal for rolling stock manufacturers, oil and gas sectors, power generation, and transportation.
Cons of LIFO
Due to the challenges in maintenance, LIFO is a bit more technical as older inventory can sometimes never be sold or shipped out. This bears encumbrances as accounts can derive loss of money. Thus, it slows down growth. The way LIFO runs inventory needs more complex records and advanced accounting practices. Even unsold items in the stock include support in the accounting of this system with this inventory management concept. Grocery stores and restaurants cannot use this concept as it results in the rotting of most items that have later expiry dates. Shelved artifacts which are not for sale are costly. Also, globally expanding businesses and companies cannot use LIFO due to the difference in accounting standards, which do not follow the LIFO methods. The LIFO standards are lower in the US, but only further restrictions occur with recent trends.About Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual bookkeeping, providing service to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud platform where their QuickBooks™️ file, critical financial documents, and back-office tools are hosted in an efficient SSO environment. Complete Controller’s team of certified US-based accounting professionals provide bookkeeping, record storage, performance reporting, and controller services including training, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, process and controls advisement, and bill-pay. With flat-rate service plans, Complete Controller is the most cost-effective expert accounting solution for business, family-office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.