Evolution of Accounting


According to history, accounting was established thousands of years ago using different methods (clay tokens) to record the data for livestock and other valuable things. However, changes occur occasionally in accounting or bookkeeping, which developed the best accounting practices to embrace.

Accounting practices are an activity of analyzing and recording routine-based or day-to-day operations of business related to finance. Accounting practices are essential to developing a company’s legally required financial statements. Companies use different accounting methods for separate accounting transactions. Accounting practices are recorded according to accounting principles established by accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Especially publicly listed companies are mainly required to follow GAAP.

Since every business’s nature is different, each requires additional accounting practice, which can be historical or modern. Companies deal with large transactions, so you should be ideally suitable in accounting practices and principles to record these transitions as accounting information must be registered under the right head, required regulation, and systematically. All of these can be achieved if you are aware of the historical prospects of accounting.

However, if you want to adopt best accounting practices, you are on the right page here. We have five historical prospects to embrace high-quality accounting practices.

Download A Free Financial Toolkit
Ledger Accounting 

General ledgers are the most basic accounting practice often used by sole proprietors and small business owners. It is used to keep financial data to prepare financial statements. Each transaction is recorded in a sub-ledger under a separate account head (Account receivables ledger). Transactions are recorded using the double-entry method to validate the trial balance. Ledgers are a summary of the general journal’s entries. This summary is used to make a trial balance to check the accuracy and avoid account errors.

Double-entry Accounting of Transactions 

Accounting practices require double-entry accounting for transactions rather than single-entry accounting. This accounting uses heads of debit and credit where an increase in assets or expenses is recorded in debit. An increase in capital, revenue, and liabilities is recorded in recognition and, inversely, when these accounts decrease. Double-entry accounting is used to satisfy the accounting equations where credit is usually offset in Ledgers or T-accounts.

Assets=Liabilities + capital

Double-entry accounting is a standardized bookkeeping process that checks the accuracy of prepared financial statements and improves errors. It is one of the easy methods to check whether your calculation is correct or unbalanced, as it helps to keep the financial record balanced. Ensure the sum of the debit side equals the sum of the credit side. Hence, it will be used in financial statements.

ADP. Payroll – HR – Benefits
Cash-Based Accounting 

Cash accounting is the standard method of accounting and bookkeeping practices. In cash-based accounting, expenses and revenue are recorded as received or paid, and transactions are made when cash is spent or received. It is the easiest method for small businesses where revenue is reported only when money is received, and expenses are reported only when paid. It accurately shows the company’s financial position, including accounts payable and account receivables.

Accrual Based Accounting 

Accrual accounting is based on the accounting principle of matching it to the revenue and expenses realization time. Under this accounting practice, the transactions are recorded when they are incurred rather than when payment is made. Revenue is recorded when a purchase order is made, even if the fund is not received. The same goes for expense transactions recorded when payment has not yet been made. However, it is a simple method. Companies prefer this method to the cash-based process. It provides a realistic and accurate picture of a company’s earnings and expenses for a more extended period, which cash-based accounting cannot offer.

LastPass – Family or Org Password Vault
Historical Cost Principle Accounting Practice 

The historical cost principle is a method used for fixed assets. It is a valuation measure used in accounting in which the value of a fixed asset is recorded in the balance sheet at its original price rather than the market price. It is the basic accounting principle under GAAP, as traditional accounting prevents the asset from overstating its value. Meanwhile, an investment with high liquidity can be recorded at a reasonable value on the balance sheet, such as marketable securities. Not all, but many impaired intangible assets can be written down on reasonable value, not historical cost.

Furthermore, the depreciation of fixed assets must be recorded below the historical cost daily and then subtract the accumulated depreciation from the historical price in a lower net asset value to ensure that the support is not overstated from its actual weight.

Cubicle to Cloud virtual businessAbout Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual bookkeeping, providing service to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud platform where their QuickBooks™️ file, critical financial documents, and back-office tools are hosted in an efficient SSO environment. Complete Controller’s team of certified US-based accounting professionals provide bookkeeping, record storage, performance reporting, and controller services including training, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, process and controls advisement, and bill-pay. With flat-rate service plans, Complete Controller is the most cost-effective expert accounting solution for business, family-office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.CorpNet. Start A New Business Now